Poets, Novelists, Playwrights
It is the most difficult task to set a limit on the number of Haitian writers from Independence to this day, since they are so many and considering the immensity of the work produced by those men and women of mostly internationally recognized talent. I have narrowed the list to a few randomly chosen, I who am no expert in these fields, but an admirer of them all, and a reader of quite a few of these presented here.
Haiti's National Bard
Ida Faubert (1883-1969) Daughter of former Predident Lysius Salomon. Poetess, Writer
Philippe Thoby-Marcelin (1904-1975), Poet, Journalist, Novelist, Folklorist and Politician
Louis-Joseph Janvier, (1855-1911) Medical doctor, Journalist, Novelist, Diplomat
Massillon Coicou (1807-1908) Poet, Novelist, Playwright
Jacques Roumain, (1907-1944) writer of international acclaim with Les Gouverneurs de la Rosée (Governors of the Dew), Politician
Léon Laleau, (1892-1979) Writer, Politician, Diplomat
Fernand Hibbert, (1873-1928) Novelist and one of the most widely read Haitian authors.
Frédéric Marcelin, (1848-1917) Writer, Politician
Virginie Sampeur, (1839-1919) first Haitian Woman of Letters, married Oswald Durand
Justin Lhérisson, (1872-1907) Lawyer, Writer, Teacher, Journalist, Author of the lyrics of La Dessalinienne, Haiti's National Anthem
Emile Roumer, (1903-1988) Poet
Roger Dorsinville, (1911-1992) Poet, Journalist, Novelist, Politician, Diplomat
Etzer Vilaire, (1872-1951) poet, attorney
René Dépestre (1926-) poet, novelist
Jean-Fernand Brierre, (1909-1992) Poet, Dramatist, Journalist, Diplomat. Recognized "as one of the most brilliant Haitian writers."
Roussan Camille, (1912-1961) Poet, Journalist, Diplomat
Constantin Henriquez de Zubiera
Anthony Phelps, (1928-) Poet, Playwright
Emile Ollivier, (1940-2002) Sociologist, Poet, Novelist
Marie-Célie Agnant (1953-) Poet, Novelist, Storyteller, Author of children's books
Constantin Henriquez doubles as an athlete and writer, author of Nos Villes et Bourgades, Our Towns and Villages, and a Haitian-born French rugby union footballer. Played as number 8, wing and centre.
Played at Olympique de Paris and Stade de France. Won as a Stade Français player the titles of French Champion, in 1897, 1898 and 1901.
Henriquez was the first known coloured athlete to compete in the Olympic Games, and by extension, the first to become an Olympic gold medallist, as he was a member of the France squad that won the Olympic title at the first Rugby Olympic Tournament
Along with his brother Alphonse, He organized football which is the national sport of Haiti.
Kettly Mars (1958-) Poet, Novelist
Robert Berrouët-Oriol, Linguist, Poet, Essayist
René Philoctete (1932-1995) Writer. Influencial in Haitian literature
Marie Thérese Colimon-Hall, (1918-1997) Playwright, Novelist
Yves Déjean, Linguist
Félix Morisseau-Leroy, (1912-1998) Poet. "Father of Creole Renaissance."
Jean-Robert Léonidas, (1946-) Endocrinologist, Poet, Novelist, Writer
Edwige Danticat, (1969-) Writer, Novelist
Stamp honoring Louis Felix Mathurin Boisrond-Tonnerre, (1776-1806) Author of The Act of Haitian Independence
Alexis-Beaubrun Ardouin, (1796-1865) wrote the eleven-volume of Etudes sur l'Histoire d'Haïti, (Studies on Haitian History), published in the 1850s and 60s.
Charles-Celigny Ardouin, (1801-1849) Brother of Beaubrun, politician and historian. Served as a Delegate in 1846, Senator, and Minister of the Interior in 1847. In 1847 he also served on the Council of Secretaries of State.
Thomas Madiou (1814-1884) whose work Histoire d'Haïti (History of Haiti) is considered one of the most valuable documents of Haitian literature.
Jean Price-Mars, (1876-1969) teacher, diplomat, writer, ethnographer, medical doctor. Served as Secretary of the Haitian legation in Washington and as Chargé d'Affaires in Paris. Elected Senator in 1941. Secretary of State for external relations in 1946. Ambassador to the Dominican Republic. In his eighties, continued service as Haitian ambassador at the United Nations and ambassador to France
Jean Fouchard, (1912-1990) Earned a law degree in Port-au-Prince, Historian, Diplomat as the ambassador to Cuba. Journalist who founded the periodical La Relève. He is best known for his historical publications.
Alain Turnier, (1915-1991) Historian. He is the author of these best-selling books: Les Etats-Unis et le Marché Haïtien, Avec Mérisier Jeannis, Quand la Nation Demande des Comptes
Joseph Auguste Anténor Firmin, better known as simply Anténor Firmin, (1850-1911) anthropologist, journalist, politician. Best known for his book De l'Egalité des Races Humaines, which was published as a rebuttal to French writer Count Arthur de Gobineau's work Essai sur l'Inégalité des Races Humaines.
Pradel Pompilus , (1914-2000) "considered one of the most respected Haitian scholars." Best known for his three-volume study of Haitian Literature. (Shown here during an interview)
Pierre Faubert, (1806 – 1868) Poet, Playwright. Educated in France, Faubert returned to Haiti and served as Secretary to President Jean-Pierre Boyer. Faubert later was chosen by President Fabre Geffrard to negotiate the Concordat between Haiti and Pope Pius IX in 1860. As a writer, two of Faubert's most notable works were a collection of poems titled Poésies Fugitives and a drama titled Ogé ou le Préjugé de Couleur.
Joseph Saint-Rémy (1818 - 1856) is best known for his biography La Vie de Toussaint Louverture about the Haitian Revolution leader Toussaint Louverture, and for his work Pétion et Haïti, about another Revolutionary figure, Alexandre Pétion
Justin-Chrysostome Dorsainvil (1880–1942), also known as J-C. Dorsainvil, was a Haitian author and educator. Dorsainvil worked as a teacher and wrote books on such topics as science, politics, history, and Haitian society.
Dantès Bellegarde (1877-1968) historian and diplomat, best known for his Histoire du Peuple Haïtien (History of the Haitian People) released in 1953.
Horace Pauléus Sannon (7 April 1870 - 1938). Sannon studied social-political sciences in Paris, France. He wrote several books on the history of Haiti, including Essai Historique sur la Révolution de 1843 and Histoire de Toussaint Louverture.
Hénock Trouillot, (1923-1988) historian, playwright, novelist. He was the uncle of Michel-Rolph Trouillot, the anthropologist and historical theorist.
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