Poets, Novelists, Playwrights

 It is the most difficult task to set a limit on the number of Haitian writers from Independence to this day, since they are so many and considering the immensity of the work produced by those men and women of mostly internationally recognized talent. I have narrowed the list to a few randomly chosen, I who am no expert in these fields, but an admirer of them all, and a reader of quite a few of these presented here. 

 

 Haiti's National Bard 

 
Oswald Durand (1840-1906) was a Haitian poet and politician, said to be "to Haiti what Shakespeare is to England and Dante to Italy." Among his most famous works are Choucoune, a lyrical poem praising the beauty of a Haitian woman, and Chant National, a lyrical historic poem which became as popular as the presidential hymn.

 

 

Ida Faubert (1883-1969) Daughter of former Predident Lysius Salomon. Poetess, Writer

Philippe Thoby-Marcelin (1904-1975), Poet, Journalist, Novelist, Folklorist and Politician

Louis-Joseph Janvier, (1855-1911) Medical doctor, Journalist, Novelist, Diplomat

Massillon Coicou (1807-1908) Poet, Novelist, Playwright

Jacques Roumain, (1907-1944) writer of international acclaim with Les Gouverneurs de la Rosée (Governors of the Dew), Politician 

Léon Laleau, (1892-1979) Writer, Politician, Diplomat

Fernand Hibbert, (1873-1928) Novelist and one of the most widely read Haitian authors.

Frédéric Marcelin, (1848-1917) Writer, Politician 

Virginie Sampeur, (1839-1919) first Haitian Woman of Letters, married Oswald Durand 

Justin Lhérisson,  (1872-1907) Lawyer, Writer, Teacher, Journalist, Author of the lyrics of La Dessalinienne, Haiti's National Anthem

Emile Roumer, (1903-1988) Poet 

Roger Dorsinville, (1911-1992) Poet, Journalist, Novelist, Politician, Diplomat 

Etzer Vilaire, (1872-1951) poet, attorney 

René Dépestre (1926-) poet, novelist 

Jean-Fernand Brierre, (1909-1992) Poet, Dramatist, Journalist, Diplomat. Recognized "as one of the most brilliant Haitian writers."

Roussan Camille, (1912-1961) Poet, Journalist, Diplomat 

Constantin Henriquez de Zubiera 

Anthony Phelps, (1928-) Poet, Playwright 

Emile Ollivier, (1940-2002) Sociologist, Poet, Novelist

Marie-Célie Agnant (1953-) Poet, Novelist, Storyteller, Author of children's books

Constantin Henriquez doubles as an athlete and writer, author of Nos Villes et Bourgades, Our Towns and Villages,  and a Haitian-born French rugby union footballer. Played as number 8, wing and centre.

Played at Olympique de Paris and Stade de France. Won as a Stade Français player the titles of French Champion, in 1897, 1898 and 1901.

Henriquez was the first known coloured athlete to compete in the Olympic Games, and by extension, the first to become an Olympic gold medallist, as he was a member of the France squad that won the Olympic title at the first Rugby Olympic Tournament

Along with his brother Alphonse, He organized football which is  the national sport of Haiti.

Marie-Soeurette Mathieu, (1949-) Sociologist, Teacher, Writer, Painter 

Kettly Mars (1958-) Poet, Novelist

Frankétienne, born Frank Etienne,(1936-) Writer, Poet, Playwright, Painter, Musician, Activist

Robert Berrouët-Oriol, Linguist, Poet, Essayist

René Philoctete (1932-1995) Writer. Influencial in Haitian literature 

Marie Thérese Colimon-Hall, (1918-1997) Playwright, Novelist 

Yves Déjean, Linguist 

 Félix Morisseau-Leroy, (1912-1998) Poet. "Father of Creole Renaissance."

Jean-Robert  Léonidas, (1946-) Endocrinologist, Poet, Novelist, Writer

Edwige Danticat, (1969-)  Writer, Novelist

 

 Historians

 

Stamp honoring Louis Felix Mathurin Boisrond-Tonnerre, (1776-1806) Author of The Act of Haitian Independence

Alexis-Beaubrun Ardouin, (1796-1865) wrote the eleven-volume of Etudes sur l'Histoire d'Haïti, (Studies on Haitian History), published in the 1850s and 60s.

Charles-Celigny Ardouin, (1801-1849) Brother of Beaubrun,  politician and historian. Served as a Delegate in 1846, Senator, and Minister of the Interior in 1847. In 1847 he also served on the Council of Secretaries of State.

Thomas Madiou (1814-1884) whose work Histoire d'Haïti (History of Haiti) is considered one of the most valuable documents of Haitian literature

Jean Price-Mars, (1876-1969) teacher, diplomat, writer,  ethnographer, medical doctor. Served as Secretary of the Haitian legation in Washington and as Chargé d'Affaires in Paris. Elected Senator in 1941. Secretary of State for external relations in 1946. Ambassador to the Dominican Republic. In his eighties, continued service as Haitian ambassador at the United Nations and ambassador to France 

Jean Fouchard, (1912-1990) Earned a law degree in Port-au-Prince, Historian, Diplomat as the ambassador to Cuba. Journalist who founded the periodical La Relève. He is best known for his historical publications.


Alain Turnier, (1915-1991)  Historian. He is the author of these best-selling books: Les Etats-Unis et le Marché Haïtien, Avec Mérisier Jeannis, Quand la Nation Demande des Comptes

Roger Gaillard, (1923-2000) historian, novelist. Earned a philosophy degree at the University of Paris, France. He is best known for his multiple-volume chronicle of the United States' occupation of Haiti.

 

Joseph Auguste Anténor Firmin,  better known as simply Anténor Firmin, (1850-1911) anthropologist, journalist, politician. Best known for his book De l'Egalité des Races Humaines, which was published as a rebuttal to French writer Count Arthur de Gobineau's work Essai sur l'Inégalité des Races Humaines.

Pradel Pompilus , (1914-2000) "considered one of the most respected Haitian scholars." Best known for his three-volume study of Haitian Literature.  (Shown here during an interview)  

Georges Corvington, Jr, (1925-2013) best known for his seven-volume work on the history of Haiti's capital city, Port-au-Prince, entitled Port-au-Prince au Cours des Ans. The book was published from 1970 to 1992.

Pierre Faubert, (1806 – 1868) Poet, Playwright. Educated in France, Faubert returned to Haiti and served as Secretary to President Jean-Pierre Boyer. Faubert later was chosen by President Fabre Geffrard to negotiate the Concordat between Haiti and Pope Pius IX in 1860. As a writer, two of Faubert's most notable works were a collection of poems titled Poésies Fugitives and a drama titled Ogé ou le Préjugé de Couleur.

 Joseph Saint-Rémy (1818 - 1856) is best known for his biography La Vie de Toussaint Louverture about the Haitian Revolution leader Toussaint Louverture, and for his work Pétion et Haïti, about another Revolutionary figure, Alexandre Pétion

Justin-Chrysostome Dorsainvil (1880–1942), also known as J-C. Dorsainvil, was a Haitian author and educator. Dorsainvil worked as a teacher and wrote books on such topics as science, politics, history, and Haitian society.

Dantès Bellegarde (1877-1968) historian and diplomat, best known for his Histoire du Peuple Haïtien (History of the Haitian People) released in 1953.

Horace Pauléus Sannon (7 April 1870 - 1938). Sannon studied social-political sciences in Paris, France. He wrote several books on the history of Haiti, including Essai Historique sur la Révolution de 1843 and Histoire de Toussaint Louverture.

Hénock Trouillot, (1923-1988) historian, playwright, novelist. He was the uncle of Michel-Rolph Trouillot, the anthropologist and historical theorist.

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